欢乐生肖

《瘋狂動物城》:在童話里直視深淵

       近日,《瘋狂動物城》大熱。在這個故事中,孩子看到賣萌的動物和有趣的故事,大人的收獲則更加豐厚:大城市之夢的破滅和破滅后個人價值的重建;看似融洽的多種族社會,實則各自形成小圈子;刻板印象的構建,人與人之間理解的艱難……這是一部成人童話。在大銀幕上,它的出現是驚艷的;而在文學的世界里,它是早已講了數百年的復雜故事。

《FENGKUANGDONGWUCHENG》ZHONGDEHUNIKEHETUZHUDI。

WOMENERSHUNENGXIANGDEHUIGUNIANGHEBAIXUEGONGZHUMEN,ZHENDECONGYIKAISHIJIURUXIANZAIZHEBANCHUNJIEWUXIAMA?

JINRI,《FENGKUANGDONGWUCHENG》DARE。

ZAIZHEGEGUSHIZHONG,HAIZIKANDAOMAIMENGDEDONGWUHEYOUQUDEGUSHI,DARENDESHOUHUOZEGENGJIAFENGHOU:DACHENGSHIZHIMENGDEPOMIEHEPOMIEHOUGERENJIAZHIDEZHONGJIAN;KANSIRONGQIADEDUOZHONGZUSHEHUI,SHIZEGEZIXINGCHENGXIAOQUANZI;KEBANYINXIANGDEGOUJIAN,RENYURENZHIJIANLIJIEDEJIANNAN……

ZHESHIYIBUCHENGRENTONGHUA。ZAIDAYINMUSHANG,TADECHUXIANSHIJINGYANDE;ERZAIWENXUEDESHIJIELI,TASHIZAOYIJIANGLESHUBAINIANDEFUZAGUSHI。

童話是通向成人世界的鑰匙

欢乐生肖 YISHUOQI“CHENGRENTONGHUA”,《GELINTONGHUA》DEZHONGZHONG“XUEXING”,ZONGHUIZAIYIXILIEPENGYOUQUAN“BAOKUAN”WENZHANGLIBEITIQI。ZAIZHEXIEWEISHANJIEBANDEGUSHILI,《BAIXUEGONGZHU》LIDEHUAIHUANGHOUCHUANZHUHONGWUXIE、LIUZHUXUE,BUTINGTIAOWUZHISHENGMINGZHONGZHI;LANHUZIDEDI7GEQIZIZUIZHONGZOUXIAZHIZHIYAYADEMUDIBAN,DAKAINEISHANSIWANGZHIMEN……TAMENQILIERGOUXUE,CHONGCHIZHUMOUSHA、SIQINGHEBEIDE。

DANGBENYINGTIANZHENWUDIDETONGHUAYUZHEYANGDENEIRONGLIANXIQILAI,ZONGSHICIJIERLIAORENDE。RANER,DANGWOMENTANLUNTONGHUASHI,CHENGRENSHUXINGSHIFOUJIUYIWEIZHUSHAOERBUYI?

SHIJISHANG,YISHANGJIEMIDADUOLAIZILIANHESHUMINGWEI“TONGSHENGCAO”DELIANGGERIBENNVZUOJIADECHANGXIAOSHU《LINGRENZHANLIDEGELINTONGHUA》。TAMENQITADEZHUZUOHUANYOU《SHIJIESHIDESHIWUDAMI》《MEILICHENGBAODEJINJICHUANSHUO》DENG。CONGSHUMINGJIUNENGKANCHU,TAMENDEDATIFENGGEYUQISHUOSHITONGHUA,QISHIGENGJIEJINHUOCHEZHANMAIDENEIXIE《MAYUNCHENGGONGDEBEIHOU》HUOZHE《SHIYONGXINDASHITANCHAOGU》。

WOMENERSHUNENGXIANGDEHUIGUNIANGHEBAIXUEGONGZHUMEN,ZHENDECONGYIKAISHIJIURUXIANZAIZHEBANCHUNJIEWUXIAMA?BINGBUSHI。

YOUYANJIUCHENG,SHASI6RENQIZIDELANHUZIDEYUANXING,SHIYINGFABAINIANZHANZHENGSHIQIDEYIWEIYUANSHUAI。TAGONGXUNLEILEIDANXINGQINGGUAILI,SHUDICENGBAOFAGUODALIANGERTONGSHIZONGANJIAN。ZHIJIN,YINGYUZHONGDE“LANHUZI”RENGRANKEYIZUOWEIYIGEZHUANYOUMINGCI,ZHONGWENDEWANMEISHIYISHI“ZHANAN”。

RUCIBAOLIRANGRENFEIJIE,YUSHI,XIANGXIANGDENGCHANGLE。ZHENSHIJINGGUOCHOUXIANGBIANCHENGGUSHI,ERGUSHIYOUKEYICHENGWEIGENGDUOZHENSHIDEZAITI。WENTISHI,ZHEXIEGUSHIGEIXIAOPENGYOUKANHAOMA?ERYINZANGQIHOUGENGGUANJIANDEWENTISHI:CONGSHENMESHIHOUKAISHI,ERTONGNEIRONGXUYAOYUCHENGRENNEIRONGQUFENKAILAI?

NIER·BOZIMANZAI《TONGNIANDEXIAOSHI》LIJIANGTONGNIANLIJIEWEIYIZHONGTEDINGDEWENHUATEZHENG。ZHONGSHIJIDEOUZHOU,RENMENWEIZUOZAIGOUHUOBIAN,JIANGSHUDAIDAIXIANGCHUANDEGUSHI,ERTONGYUCHENGRENFENXIANGZHUXIANGTONGDEWENHUASHIJIE。ERDANGYINSHUASHUPUJI,WENZIYUEDUSHICHENGRENYUWEISHOUDUXIEXUNLIANDEERTONGZHIJIANCHANSHENGHONGGOU。ERTONGJIANJIANCONGHECHENGRENXIANGDANGDESHEHUISHENGCHANZERENZHONGTUOSHEN,BEIBAOHU、SHOUJIAOYUCHENGLETAMENDEQUANLIHEYIWU。

欢乐生肖 YUSHI,NEIXIEGUSHIBEIFENLIEWEILIANGGEBANBEN:YUANSHIERCANKUDE、GEIHAIZIDE。HENDUOJIAYUHUXIAODETONGHUAYEZAIZHEGESHIHOUCHENGXING。《LANHUZI》JINGGUO17SHIJIDEFAGUOSHIRENSHAER·BEILUOGAIXIE,HE《XIAOHONGMAO》《HUIGUNIANG》YIQI,BEISHOURU《EMAMATONGYAO》。

欢乐生肖 RUJIN,QUANSHIJIEDEMAMADOUKEYIZAIHAIZICHUANGQIANJUSEDEXIAODENGPANGDUSANZHIXIAOZHUDEGUSHI,ERJIEXIALAIJIUSHINEIGEJINGDIANDEWENTI:ZHEGEGUSHIGAOSUWOMENSHENMEDAOLINI?

ZAIZHEXIEMEIGUISEDETONGHUAZHONG,ZUIZHONGBAOHANZHUWEIBEIRUANHUADENEIHE:SHANEDAODE、SHENGCUNFAZE——NEISHITONGXIANGCHENGRENSHIJIEDEYAOCHI。

童話并不等于兒童文學

欢乐生肖 BUSHISUOYOUDETONGHUADOUSHIYOULISHICHOUXIANGERLAI,XUDUOYOUXIUXIEZUOZHEZHONGQINGYUZHEZHONGXINGSHI。《CHANGWAZIPIPI》《NIERSIQIELVXINGJI》《NVWU》ZHEYANGDEZUOPINDANSHENGLE,BUJINXIAOHAIAIDU,DARENYENENGCONGZHONGHUODEXIANGXIANGDEKUAILE。

TONGHUABINGBUDENGTONGYUERTONGWENXUE。CHUANGZAOLE“XIAOMEIRENYU”DEANTUSHENGBENRENBINGBUXIHUANBEICHENGWEIERTONGWENXUEZUOJIA。XIANGXIANGSHIYIMIANJINGZI,NENGGENGQINGCHUDIZHAOJINXIANSHI。

AIERLANZUOJIAWANGERDEXIEGUOYIBEN《KUAILEWANGZIJIQITAGUSHI》。WEISHIJIEDAILAIKUAILEDEJINSEWANGZIDIAOXIANGZUIZHONGHUIANDISIQU;YEYINGYONGSHENGMINGHUANLAIMEIGUIZHANFANG,TAAIDEQIONGXUESHENGQUEYONGZHEDUOMEIGUILAIZHUIQIUQINGFUDEFUJIANV……ZHENGYUANJIEDE《MOFANGDASHA》SHIHENDUORENDETONGNIANYINYING,RENXINGDEFUZAJINGYOULENGJINGZHESHEWEIGUIJUEDEMOFANGCHENGSHI。ER《SHUKEHEBEITA》ZAIPOJUTONGQUDEKAIDUANHOU,ZUIZHONGYINCHUDESHILIANGZHILAOSHUYANJUANSHISHIDEJIEJU。

TONGHUAYUERTONGWENXUEDEFENYEZAINALI?

“SHUISHALEZHIGENGNIAO/SHIWO,MAQUESHUO,WOSHALEZHIGENGNIAO,YONGWODEGONGHEJIAN/SHUIKANDAOTASI?SHIWO,CANGYINGSHUO,WOKANDAOTASI,YONGWODEXIAOYANJING/SHUIQUZOUTADEXUE?SHIWO,YUSHUO,WOQUZOUTADEXUE,YONGWODEXIAODIEZI……”

ZHESHOUSHOULUYU《EMAMATONGYAO》ZHONGDE《SHUISHALEZHIGENGNIAO》,YONGLANGLANGSHANGKOUDEYUYANXUSHUZHUBINGBUMEIHAODESHIJIAN。TAXIANGYIGEMIYU,MIANKONGWUGU,JIEMADEYAOCHIZEYUNZANGZAIPANGDADECHENGRENSHIJIEZHONG。YINCI,ERTONGNENGBEITADOUXIAO,CHENGRENQUEWEIZHIDANHAN。LEISIDELIZI,HUANYOUAJIASHA·KELISIDIDEZHENTANXIAOSHUO《WURENSHENGHUAN》ZHONG,TONGYAO《SHIGEXIAOHEIREN》DEFANFUCHUXIAN。

YINGGUOZUOJIAYIEN·MAIKEYOUENZAI《MENGXIANGJIABIDE》DEQIANYANZHONGXIEDAO:“……WOKAISHIJUEDEZHEYANGZUOYEXUGENGHAO:WANGLEWOMENWEIDADEERTONGWENXUECHUANTONG,WEICHENGNIANRENXIEBENGUANYUERTONGDESHU,YONGDESHIERTONGLIJIEDEYUYAN。ZAIYOULEHAIMINGWEIHEKAERWEINUODESHIJI,JIANDANDEWENZIWEIBIHUIRANGSHENCENGCIDEDUZHEWANGERQUEBU。”

欢乐生肖 《MENGXIANGJIABIDE》JIANGSHUDESHIYIGE10SUIXIAONANHAIZAIZIJIFANGJIANLIDETANXIANGUSHI。TAZAIZHONGZHONGLIXIANDEZUIHOU,ZAOYUDESHI“CHENGNIANREN”。BIANXINGSHIWENXUEZHONGYIGEJINGDIANDEXIANGZHENGYUANSU。ZAIZHEZETONGHUALI,NANHAIJUEQIANGDIKANG,DUZHEQUEXINTOUYILIANG。

欢乐生肖 RUCISHUOLAI,HENDUOZUOPINDOUKEYIBEIKANZUOCHENGRENTONGHUA。XIFANGXIANDAIPAIWENXUEZONGSHIKAFUKADEDUANPIANXIAOSHUO《QITONGREN》,QIZHUTONGDENANRENZAIHANYELIFEIXING,CONGYANCONGLIAIQIUZHUXUNQIUYIDIANMEI。NEIGEHANYELIWURENZAIYIDE、GUDUYOUHUAJIDENANREN,JIHUSHIZUOZHEYAYIANDANYOUCAIHUAHENGYIDEJIANYING。

人人都愛大團圓

欢乐生肖 SHUOHUI《FENGKUANGDONGWUCHENG》。

欢乐生肖 ZAIDIANYINGDEGAOCHAOBUFEN,HUNIKEHETUZHUDIJIHUYAOFENDAOYANGBIAO。ZAIZHEGUANJIANSHIKE,TUZHUDIYINWEIZAINONGCHANGDEYIWAIFAXIANERYISHIDAOZIJIDECUOWU,BUJINWANHUILEYOUYI,HUANRANGHUAIRENZUIZHONGSHOUDAOCHENGFA,QUANJUYISUOYOUHAORENKUAILEDIKAIPAIDUIJIESHU。

ZHEJIHUSHISUOYOUTONGHUADEBIAOZHUNJIEJU:“CONGCI,TAMENXINGFUDISHENGHUOZAIYIQI……”JISHISHIZHEGECHONGMANZHONGZU、KEBANYINXIANG、CHENGSHIFAZHANDENGFENGFUNEIHANDEGUSHI,RENGRANBUNENGMIANSU。DANSHI,ZHEGEJIEJUBEIGUANZHONGYUKUAIDIJIESHOULE,ERQIEMEIYOUYINGXIANGTAMENDUIDIANYINGNEIHANDELIJIE。

欢乐生肖 CHULEWANGERDEZHELEITIANCAIYOUKEBODEZUOZHE,DABUFENDECHENGRENTONGHUARENGRANYANYONGLECHUANTONGTONGHUAZHONGDEDATUANYUANJIEJU。ZHEHENYOUQU——XIANGXIANGGOUJIANDESHIJIE,FANYINGDESHIXIANSHIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI,ZHEXIEWENTISHIZUOZHEHEDUZHEDOUZUIGUANZHUDEBUFEN;DANJIEJUEWENTIDEGUOCHENG,WANGWANGSHIHANHUDE,TONGCHANGBIAOXIANWEIYIGEDUNWU,BIRUTUZHUDIDEYIWAIFAXIAN。

HUOXU,ZUOWEICHENGRENDEWOMEN,ZAOYILEJIEDAOZHENXIANGSHISHENMEYANGZI:SHOUHUOBUYIDINGYOUHUIBAO;ZHENAIBUYIDINGNENGCHENGWEIJUANSHU;WUZHIDEHONGGOUWUFAYUYUE;RENYURENGENGXIANGSHIGUDAOYUGUDAO……WOMENBENLAIJIUBUZHIDAOZHEXIEWENTIRUHEJIEJUE。RANGTAQUBA,NEISHIZHENSHISHIJIEDEZEREN,BUSHIXIANGXIANGSHIJIEDECHEZHOU。

欢乐生肖 TONGHUAGEIWOMENYIGEJIHUI,NENGWANXIAOBANDIZHISHISHENYUAN。ERWOMENDUIYIGEDATUANYUANJIEJUDEKEWANG,HEXIANSHIDEZHONGZHONGCANKUZAIYIQI,CAIGOUCHENGLEWANZHENGDESHENGHUO。

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